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Mycobacteria

What is Mycobacteria?
Mycobacteria is a bacteria found in water systems that is the cause of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) disease as well as several other ailments. It proliferates rapidly in warm water environments and poses as a threat when exposed to humans.

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Exposure

Up to 38% of all Water Systems are Contaminated with Mycobacteria

Piped water systems are commonly colonized by microbacteria. Growths and biofilms serve as reservoirs for the pathogen where the bacteria are able to proliferate.

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Prevalance

Over 75,000 Documented Cases Each Year in the U.S.

Common resulting ailments include Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) disease, pneumonia, catheter-associated infection, ear infection. In some people Mycobacterial infections can become chronic and require ongoing treatment.

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Risk

Patients with Mycobacteria are Twice as Likely to Experience Exacerbation

Immunocompromised individuals are at highest risk of contracting an infection from Mycobacteria. The pathogen is not transmitted from person-to-person, but rather from exposure, inhalation, or ingestion of contaminated water.

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Resistance

Mycobacteria have been proven to be extremely resistant to chlorine treatments.

5 States with the Highest Number of Confirmed Cases of Mycobacteria

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In 2018, it is estimated that 75,000 to 105,000 patients will be diagnosed with NTM lung disease in the U.S.

Prevention

The EPA recommends filtration and UV disinfection for controlling and preventing Mycobacteria in water systems.

Do you know the facts?

Mycobacterial infections can become chronic and require ongoing treatments, and requires antibiotics for at least 12 months in even previously healthy individuals.

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